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IVF(Test Tube Baby)


Are you a childless couple frantically searching for the best IVF center in India?If yes, it is important for you to know what the procedure involves and what it requires of you. Apart from the physical changes that you will experience as part of the treatment protocol, a test tube baby treatment also takes an emotional toll on you and your partner. That is why it is important to know what the IVF procedure is about before you visit any fertility clinic in India. Read on to know about IVF and how it can help you conceive a child of your own.

What is IVF?

In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that involves fertilizing the eggs with a sperm in a laboratory setting. In the natural order of things, the fertilization process takes place inside the human body, in a woman’s fallopian tubes to be precise. The term is derived from Latin, where ‘vitro’ means glass. So ‘in vitro fertilization’ is nothing but ‘in glass fertilization’, which is a reference to the laboratory petri dish in which the fertilization of the egg takes place.

Upon the egg’s fertilization, embryos are formed which are then transferred into the intending mother’s uterus (womb) with the hope that pregnancy is established successfully.

When is IVF Recommended?

IVF can treat numerous causes of infertility. These include,

  • Women suffering from moderate to severe endometriosis and who do not respond positively to repeated IUI treatment.
  • Partially or fully blocked or damaged fallopian tubes. This can be the result of previous reproductive surgery or pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Severe male factor infertility which can be caused by low sperm count or poor sperm motility. In such cases, IVF-ICSI is recommended where ICSI is an extra step in the IVF procedure.
  • Women of advanced reproductive age. In such cases, time is of the essence and success rate using treatments other than IVF is low.
  • For unexplained fertility issues where the exact cause of infertility has not been established and other treatments have failed.

Thanks to advances in the field, the IVF cost in India has come down significantly. Costs related to the medication, doctor’s fees and the procedure itself have reduced by a huge margin since the time the first test tube baby was delivered in India. The same could also be said for the IVF success rate in India. Worldwide, the success rate of IVF is in the late 30s to the early 40s and IVF clinics in India offer success rates that are in a similar range.

How is IVF Performed?

Contrary to popular perception, IVF is not a single-step procedure that is performed in the laboratory. Instead, it’s a long process that normally stretches over 6 weeks and involves a succession of interlinked steps.

Each of these steps is explained in detail below.

Step 1: Stimulation of the Ovaries

Here the woman is prescribed fertility drugs, which are nothing but hormones, in order to stimulate the ovaries into producing more eggs than normal. A woman’s ovaries normally produce one egg per ovulation cycle. After administering the drugs, the growth of eggs is continuously monitored using Trans Vaginal ultrasound scans and regular blood tests. This ensures the eggs are harvested at the correct time.

Step 2: Egg Retrieval

Ovulation is the right time to collect eggs from the woman. After she is put under light sedation, an ultrasound probe is introduced into her vagina. The probe relays the exact location of the follicles within the ovaries to an ultrasound monitor. Using a needle attached to a suction device, the eggs, and related fluid are pulled out of each follicle one by one. The process is repeated for the second ovary. Once the procedure is completed, the woman may experience some cramping which usually disappears within 24 hours.

In case the woman is not able to produce eggs or does not want to, donor eggs can be used instead.

Step 3: Insemination & Fertilization

The male partner is asked produce a semen sample on the same day as egg collection. As a precaution, a semen sample is also asked for and cryopreserved at the time of ovaries stimulation (Step 1). In a normal IVF treatment, the best quality eggs and sperm are put together in a chamber that is environmentally controlled. This mixing of the eggs and sperm is known as insemination and within a few hours of starting this process, a sperm manages to enter an egg thus causing fertilization.

Step 4: Embryo Culture

When a fertilized egg divides, the result is an embryo. This embryo is regularly observed to ensure it’s growing correctly. Within 3-5 days, a normal embryo tends to have multiple cells that keep dividing rapidly.

Step 5: Embryo Transfer

Around 3-5 days after retrieving and fertilizing the eggs and after the embryos have attained a certain size, one to three embryos are placed in the woman’s uterus (womb). This is done by inserting a catheter (a fine tube made of plastic) via the cervix and into the uterine cavity using ultrasound guidance. If the embryo manages to attach itself to the inner wall of the uterus (known as implantation) and is able to successfully grow, pregnancy is established.

The process of embryo transfer is quite similar to that of Trans Vaginal Ultrasound and generally involves no pain or use of anesthesia. Multiple embryos can be placed in the womb, which can result in multiple pregnancy involving twins, triplets or even more. The decision about how many embryos can be transferred is based on multiple factors like the woman’s age and previously unsuccessful IVF treatments, if any. If only one embryo is chosen for transfer, the remaining can be frozen, implanted or even donated with the consent of both partners.

Two weeks after the embryo transfer, the woman’s blood is drawn and tested to conclude if pregnancy has been successfully established.

What to Expect During IVF Treatment?

An IVF cycle stretches over a period of 6 weeks. Studies have proved that if couples manage their stress before and during IVF treatment, their chances of success rise significantly.

A woman undergoing the treatment usually undergoes the following things,

  • Multiple clinic visits
  • Ingesting or injecting fertility drugs as per the time-table drawn by the doctor
  • Regular Trans Vaginal Ultrasound scans to observe the follicles
  • An outpatient procedure involving mild general anesthesia to retrieve the eggs
  • Another outpatient procedure for transferring the embryo
  • A daily dose of progesterone either as an oral formulation, an injection or a vaginal gel to facilitate embryo implantation
  • Waiting for two weeks at least before taking a test to confirm pregnancy

What are the Success Rates of IVF?

As per SART, which is the Society of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, the IVF success rate is as follows,

  • 41-43% for women under 25 years of age
  • 33-36% for women aged between 35 and 37
  • 23-27% for women aged between 38 and 40
  • 13-18% for women aged above 41

Wellspring IVF & Women’s Hospital is one of the best IVF Centers in India with Highest IVF Success Rate of more than 70% with its unique treatment protocol.

The primary factors that affect IVF treatment success rates are maternal age, ovarian function and the duration of infertility. Women between the ages of 23 and 37 are best placed to benefit from IVF. For women over 38 and who are not able to produce enough number of oocytes of their own, IVF along with donor oocyte is a good option.

However, in case IVF and associated treatments are not able to help a couple get pregnant, surrogacy is the only viable option. Although there are numerous surrogacy facilities in India, recent changes to the law made by the government of India have rendered a large number of those facilities illegal. That is why when you are on the lookout for the best surrogacy center in India, consult only the most reputed doctors and fertility specialists.

How a Low Cost IVF Center in India Can Help You?

India as a whole is an excellent destination for affordable test tube baby treatment. If you want quality fertility treatment at an affordable price, get in touch with us today. Wellspring offers an affordable test tube baby cost and is the best test tube baby center Gujarat has seen in a while. If you are looking for a quality and affordable IVF center, Ahmedabad is an excellent location in India where Wellspring is the leading fertility clinic that offers IVF, ICSI, IMSI, semen freezing, embryo freezing (vitrification), PGS (Preimplantation Genetic Screening) and PGD (Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis).

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