A test tube baby center is often the first hope of couples suffering due to childlessness. While the usual IVF treatment cost and success rate are pretty good and bring positive results for most couples, there are cases where IVF alone is not enough. In such situations, an IVF center in India might recommend an additional procedure over and above the standard IVF. This extra step is known as ICSI, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
ICSI is a technique where a single sperm is directly injected into an egg so that the egg can be fertilized. Later on, this fertilized egg (known as an embryo) is placed into the womb of a woman just like with regular IVF. Because of this, ICSI treatment success rates are similar to those of IVF.
A fertility clinic in India typically recommends ICSI when a couple fails to conceive through normal IVF because of poor or absent fertilization. ICSI is also suggested to couples where the male,
ICSI is implemented as part of IVF, which is why the ICSI pregnancy success rate is similar to that of IVF. In fact, an IVF-ICSI treatment doesn’t seem all that different compared to an IVF treatment alone since the whole procedure is done in a laboratory. As far as the male partner is concerned, the ways in which the sperm is extracted might differ. For females though, the ICSI procedure follows that of IVF.
ICSI procedure requires a semen sample from the male partner on the day the egg is retrieved from the female partner. This semen is then examined under the microscope in order to identify and extract the best quality sperm. But if the analysis proves the sample to be lacking in good quality sperm, the male might be subjected to certain procedures to extract viable sperm.
Depending upon the exact cause of the male’s fertility problems, sperms can be collected/extracted from,
When both the sperm and eggs are obtained, an embryologist places the eggs in a unique culture and uses a microscope and a tiny needle to inject the egg with a single sperm. The procedure is repeated for every egg that has been retrieved. Just because the sperm has been injected into the egg doesn’t meant it is instantly fertilized. However, ICSI makes it possible for the fertilization process to begin.
Consequently, one to three of the highest quality embryos are identified and transferred to the female’s womb. This is similar to how it is done with a regular cycle of IVF.
The success rates of IVF and ICSI are quite similar. In fact, that is one of the reasons why ICSI IVF success rates are no longer presented individually. With ICSI, pregnancy rates are generally around 60% to 80% although they can vary on a case to case basis.
Thanks to advances in the field, the ICSI treatment cost in India is quite reasonable. The affordable cost is a huge reason behind the many ICSI success stories seen in India and other developing nations.