What Is Gestational Surrogacy?
In this type of surrogacy, the sperms from the intended father or the sperm donor are taken and the eggs are taken from the intended mother.
The embryo that is formed is inseminated in the uterus of the surrogate and the surrogate mother carries the baby through the pregnancy and delivers the baby. The second scenario is sperm from intended father and eggs from the donor who is different individual than surrogate mother and embryo transferred into surrogate mother and she carries a pregnancy. In either of scenario, When surrogate mother is not biologically related to resulting child, it is called gestational surrogacy.
Who Are The Parents Of The Child Born From Gestational Surrogacy?
The eggs that are used belong to the intended mother hence the intended mother is the biological mother of the child. The surrogate is only the birth mom. The sperms can either be taken from the intended father or a sperm donor. Whoever contributes in the sperms, is the biological father of the child.
Gestational Surrogacy is ruled by legal aspects. Whoever the father of the child be and whoever the surrogate be, the intended parents remain the legal parents of the child and have full rights to raise the child.
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Who Can Be The Gestational Surrogate Mother?
A surrogate mother in the gestational surrogacy method will be carrying the child from the conception phase to the delivery phase hence the intended surrogate should be healthy and fit to avoid miscarriages.
The intended mother’s eggs should also be healthy and free of chromosomal defects in order to make sure that the child is healthy.
Couples who are seeking for gestational surrogacy process, often take the help of agencies who appoint surrogate mothers.
Surrogate has to be checked for her physical capacity to carry the child. The surrogate should be a healthy woman free from any genetic diseases or existing or having a history of terminal illness.
When a couple takes surrogacy help from an agency, the surrogacy agency do pre surrogacy work up before appointing a surrogate. Which couples should go for gestational surrogacy?
- Couples, where the woman has good quality eggs but has the weak uterus to carry the baby throughout the pregnancy period.
- Couples where the woman is in menopause or over 45 years of age.
- History of recurrent miscarriage.
- Couples of same gender.
Dr Pranay Shah
Director and Chief Fertility Consultant
Dr. Divyesh Bhalodia
Counseller and Communicator
Dr. Dhruti Maheshwari
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